XI JINPING: THE EMPEROR IN MAKING

xi jinping the new eperor

China, the most populous country in the world, always stays in the limelight of international politics. As we know, Xi Jinping is the President of this powerful country. But the most interesting fact is, Xi Jinping, the President of China, is gradually stepping forward to be the emperor of China. This is because, on March 17, 2018, the parliament of China approved Xi Jinping, one more time, as their president i.e. up to 2023. Even the National People’s Congress of China (NCP) allows him to continue indefinitely as the President after his second time expires in 2023.

China’s earlier political philosophy was of ‘’collective leadership’’. But since he became the Chief of the Communist Party from 2012, he slowly consolidated his power to one-man control. Here, it is important to mention that in China, all the three important posts of the country is held by the President. This includes General Secretary of the Communist Party, Chairman of the Powerful Military Commission and the President itself. This means, there is an unlimited power lying in the hands of the President. Xi Jinping has placed his men in all the key positions even in PLA (People’s Liberation Army).

Voice is raised against this move within and outside the country. Especially, students and intellectuals within the country criticised the move, but all went in vain. As during Xi Jinping’s first term, he was able to bring social stability, as well as economic growth to the country.

INTERNATIONAL POLICIES OF XI JINPING:

Jinping has the ambition to make China a great power. And he is working relentlessly to pursue his dream. China stands firm against President Trump’s policies, especially with regard to the South China Sea, climatic change, economy etc. He laid more stress on military modernization, improving air, sea, space and cyber warfare capabilities. For the first time, China has established a military base abroad in Djibouti on August 1, 2017. At the same time, China is worried about the emergence of the alliance of Australia, Japan, India and the USA, regarding military and economic co-operation. China is trying to influence and handle India and its neighboring countries in a very systematic and diplomatic manner.

xi jinping the president of china

EFFECTS ON INDIA:

While China and India’s don’t share a friendly relation; China is trying to keep a good relationship with Sri Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar etc. China has invested heavily in Hamombota port of Sri Lanka, which has been given to China for a 99-year lease. It also seems that India’s influence over Nepal is losing gradually. The recently formed Left Alliance govt led by K.P Oli of the Communist party and Maoist Party is not a good news for India. And as we all know, China played a great role here. Similarly, the ongoing political crisis in the Maldives, the present dispensation has clearly drifted towards China.

JINPING’S DREAM:

Jinping’s dream project, One Road One Belt will ensure China’s road connectivity to the countries of Asia, Africa, and Europe. Presently, more than 70 countries are participants in this project. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is also progressing very fast. China announced an investment of 60 billion dollars on the project. This will connect Xinjiang province of China with Baluchistan. China had a little interest in Afghanistan, but now it’s trying to play a key role in Afgan peace process.

One must agree that under Xi Jinping’s leadership, China is emerging out itself as a powerful country, next to the US. Today, China is the second biggest aid giver after the US. Jinping is restlessly working to pursue his dream. He is trying to be the one and only global leader to make China the only global power.

India’s Most Wanted Dawood Ibrahim ‘wants to come back’

Dawood Ibrahim

The fugitive mafia don, Dawood Ibrahim has announced his wish to return to India on certain conditions that are not otherwise acceptable to the Government of India.

One of the renowned criminal lawyers, Mr.ShyamKeswani, who spoke to the media in Thane, hinted that Dawood has placed the demand that he should be lodged only in the high-secure precincts of Arthur Road Central Jail (ARCJ) in Mumbai.

Dawood Ibrahim

Ajmal Kasab, a Pakistani terrorist was also lodged in ARCJ for more than four years, after which, he was hanged for the Mumbai terror attack in 2008.

Mr.Keswani said, “He had earlier conveyed his intentions through Ram Jethmalani (former Union Minister and eminent lawyer), but the Indian Government has not entertained any of his conditions to return”.

Now the latest statement by Mr.Keswani comes more than six months following Maharashtra NavnirmanSena(MNS) President, Raj Thackeray’s revelation. According to Thackeray, the BJP wants to bring back Dawood and claim credit before the forthcoming general elections.

Mr. Thackeray had made a similar revelation in Mumbai that Dawood had a keen intention of getting back, and was negotiating with the government in this regard. The MNS further said that Dawood is not well and wanted to breathe his last in the country.

Meanwhile, IqbalKaskar, Dawood’s brother, has been sent to police custody by a Special Court in Thane this week, in connection with land-grab and extortion case. Two others involved in this case – BhavarKothar and Bharat Jain, have been absconding, reveals Chief Pradeep Sharma, Chief, Anti-Extortion Cell (AEC).

Mr.Keswani, Iqbal’s lawyer, said that it seems puzzling, as when the crime was committed, Iqbal had been in judicial custody in Thane since his arrest on 19th September from Mumbai. This is the case for which the police have shown the three Kaskar siblings as accused.

Dawood Ibrahim

Court proceedings

During the court proceedings, the Chief Judicial Magistrate asked Iqbal Kaskar if he was aware of the whereabouts of his family members. And if he was, he should share the information with the police. But, Kaskar responded with a terse ‘No’.

The magistrate also asked Kaskar if he had spoken to Dawood recently, for which Kaskar agreed that he spoke to Dawood Ibrahim on the mobile phone, but his number was never displayed and so IqbalKaskar was not aware of his brother’s current location.

This is when Kaskar’s lawyer, Keswani, told the court that Dawood Ibrahim wanted to return to India, and had conveyed it to the government through Jethmalani.

Keswani further pointed out that after Kaskar’s deportation from Dubai in 2003, he brought him in front of the court, and only after that the law enforcement agency became aware of Kaskar’s identity.

Kewani further requested that as his client is suffering from diabetes and he was in need of medical treatment, the treatment should be made available to him.

The investigators were directed by the court to take Kaskar to Thane Civil Hospital. Kaskar is said to be in police custody until 9th March.

Background

The case is regarding the alleged coercion of Rs. 3 crore in a deal in Gorai village in Thane, Mumbai. The case involves 38-acre plot of land that is worth crores of rupees.

Who is Dawood Ibrahim?

Dawood Ibrahim is a criminal and a designated terrorist originally from Mumbai. He is currently residing in Karachi. Taking the lead in organized crimes, he is wanted on charges of murder and targeted killing. Apart from that, he is also wanted in extortion, drug trafficking, terrorism, and several other cases. He is declared a global terrorist and is named among the world’s top 5 most wanted criminals.

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Is Imran Khan’s political career going downhill after third marriage?

Imran Khan

Imran Khan Married Third Time:

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) confirmed that their party chief Imran Khan has married for the third time. Bushra Maneka, his present wife, is known to be the politician’s spiritual guide. There were speculations about the marriage from a long time, and the news had been kept a secret. The ‘Nikah’ commenced with a simple ceremony in Lahore on January 18, 2018, which was held in Maneka’s brother’s house, with the closest relatives.

 Imran Khan

Unknown unrest in the families

It is true that marriage is the union of two hearts and souls, and a wedding is a special occasion. Imran Khan is surely a happy man being wedded at 65, and for the third time. However, none of Imran’s sisters were present on the big day. This surely brought up many questions and thoughts on the public forum.

Imran Khan’s previous marriages have ended with divorce. He was first married to Jemima Goldsmith, who is the daughter of a billionaire from Britain. The marriage lasted for nine years since 1995. He also has two sons from her, and later married TV anchor Reham Anchor. The marriage only lasted for 10 months.

Bushra Maneka

Who is Bushra Maneka?

Bushra Maneka is a spiritual guide and adviser by profession. Imran Khan started visiting her last year for spiritual guidance. Maneka has also been married before and has five children from her first marriage. She belongs to the Pakpatan district which is about 250 km from Lahore.

Imran Khan got close to her after she made some political predictions which came out to be true. Later, they got intimate and finally decided to get married. Bushra, who was already married at that time divorced her husband and married the politician.

Bushra Maneka

Why Imran Khan’s political career might go downhill?

There were plenty of speculations stating that Imran’s marriage with Maneka is a contract, but he denied all the reports. He was probably under pressure from the PTI to not disclose his wedding, especially after the embarrassing failure in Punjab’s Lodhran district in the previous week.

The PTI members are rumored to mention that the wedding has been the reason for this loss. If you wonder why then we must think about how Muslims are serious about a relationship like marriage. Although there are legal settlements of signing off a marriage certificate and same for divorce, by religion the majority of Muslims do not support divorces. Imran Khan has already been married twice before, and if a personality at this age goes in for a third marriage, it can be quite disliked by the public. Since the general elections are nearby, the former cricketer was asked not to disclose about his new beginning.

Bushra Maneka

Imran Khan has said that he dreams to be the Prime Minister of Pakistan after his marriage with Bushra. However, time will tell us if any of these predictions made by Bushra come true or not. The present scenario is much against the duo, but anything can change in a jiffy!

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BJP not ready to let go of Shivsena yet

BJP-Shiv Sena alliance

Shiv Sena, like every year, held its national executive meet on legendary Balasaheb Thackeray’s birthday. They passed a resolution, snapping all ties with BJP thus breaking away from the traditional NDA alliance. They are to contest Loksabha polls in 2019 alone. Shiv Sena chief, Uddhav Thackeray decided to fight the upcoming civic polls in Mumbai alone without getting into any alliance with BJP. He reiterated his decision at a public rally at Goregaon.

NDA

History of BJP-Shiv Sena alliance (NDA)

This was a vent out of a pent-up frustration of many years. The alliance dates back 25 years when BJP was taking baby steps in politics with its ‘Hindutva’ agenda. The, then Sena chief and its founder, Balasaheb Thackeray ably supported the rise of BJP in Maharastra. Balasaheb was the face of ‘hindutva’ in Maharastra. He shared a warm relationship with ex-PM, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The rift between the allies, Shiv Sena and BJP started showing soon after Uddhav Thackeray, son of Balasaheb took over. Issues related to seat sharing sprang up post the historic win of Narendra Modi in 2014. Shiv Sena alleged that BJP troubled them more often and does not recognize them as an NDA ally.

NDA

Uddhav calling the shots

The current Sena chief has threatened of pulling out of NDA, many times in the past. The editor of Sena’s fortnightly magazine, Sanjay Raut consistently spewed venom against Modi-Shah. Finally, on the meet at Balasaheb’s birthday, Uddhav called the shots and broke away from the alliance. Despite the declaration, they are officially still part of NDA as BJP refuses to let go of Shiv Sena yet.

NDA

Chilling reminder of 2004

Vajpayee has scored well in many governance aspects. His dream project ‘India shining’ was flying high when most of NDA allies broke away just before the election in 2004 and the wise old man of Indian politics lost the election. BJP fearing similar electoral defeat in 2019 without Shiv Sena refuses to snap ties with the latter.

Maharashtra state election is scheduled for 2019 and there are talks of Congress-NCP alliance. Rahul Gandhi, the Congress head is well aware of the defeat in last 27 elections. He doesn’t want to fight the elections alone and would tie up with NCP to improve his chances. Had Congress, NCP, and Shiv Sena fought separately, BJP would have won the election. However, amidst talk between Congress-NCP alliances, BJP could not take chances of leaving Sena. BJP is also skeptical of the anti-incumbency factor against the Fadnavis government.

BJP trying hard to woo Sena leaders

BJP trying hard to woo Sena leaders

Senior BJP leadership is meeting their Sena counterparts to pacify their angry outburst. The former is holding regular meetings to increase seat sharing of Sena making sure both the allies are in a comfortable position. To ease out the tension between the two, a senior BJP leader said, “In a marriage, husband and wife fight. But I want my wife to stay with me. I don’t want a divorce.” The Sena leader immediately retorted back saying, “Our party is the husband in the relationship. And there is no question of this divorce being called off.”

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India’s Biggest “Banking Fraud” by Punjab National Bank – Scam of Rs.11,000 Cr.

The country’s largest banking scam has happened in the Punjab National Bank. The scam is more than Rs. 11,000 crores. On Wednesday, PNB gave the stock market a scam in the Mumbai-based branch.

In this biggest scandal, the name of businessman Neerav Modi has emerged. After the scam came to light, PNB has suspended 10 officials. PNB pointed out that transactions were done to benefit some account holders. On the basis of these transactions, other banks have given loans in foreign countries. After this news, shares of Punjab National Bank were slashed by 10 percent.

Punjab National Bank

PNB has admitted that it has been a scandal to benefit some account holders from the collusion of some people. The bank also says that on the basis of this transaction, it seems that other banks have advised these customers abroad also, that is, the other banks may have an impact on them. This news came at a time when India’s banking sector is already going through a crisis.

Following are the 10 things related to this Scam News By Punjab National Bank which you need to know:

# 1 – In less than ten days, this is the second case of bank fraud that has emerged. Earlier on February 5, the CBI had registered a fraud case involving Rs 280.70 crore with PNB in 2017 against billionaire diamond trader Neerav Modi, his wife, brother, and a business partner.

# 2 – On the complaint of PNB, the CBI has registered a case against Modi, his brother Nishal, wife Ami, and Mehul Chinubhai Vakasi, with the bank officials for allegedly cheating and misusing the bank in the conspiracy.

# 3 – CBI has also raided the residence of Modi, his brother Nishal, wife Amy, and Mehul Chinubhai. All these are partners in diamonds business in the US. The name of the Diamond Companies is Solar Exports and Stellar Diamonds. Immediately after, the raids also took place at the residence of two bank officials.

# 4 – The Punjab National Bank has also intimated Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) about this unauthorized and fraudulent transaction.

# 5 – Enforcement Directorate (ED) has registered a case of money laundering against Neerav Modi and others in connection with fraud of Rs 280 crore in Punjab National Bank (PNB). This case has been registered on the basis of the FIR of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

Punjab National Bank

# 6 – The finance ministry dismissed the fears of PNB’s over Rs 11,000 crores scam and said that this case is not ‘out of control’ and proper actions are taken about it.

# 7 – The Finance Ministry has asked all the banks to report such incidents if it has any by the end of this week.

# 8 – Four big jewelers, namely, Gitanjali, Guinea, Nakshatra, and Neerav Modi are under the scanner. The CBI, as well as the Enforcement Directorate, are looking at these people’s arrangements with different banks.

# 9 – CBI and Enforcement Directorate are investigating the last use of money from their various banks. The immediate response from these companies was not met.

# 10 – Neerav was also there in the list of Forbes’ Richest Indian in 2017.

You would also like to read next article: Criminal Elements In Our Assemblies – What You Need To Know?

Free Speech in Danger! Free Speech Deterioration in Modi’s India

Free speech under scope

The Free Speech Issue

The Modi administration is decked with numerous instances where individuals and the press have been taxed for engaging in sedition when very routine political activities were in process complying with free speech. The above statement has been ensconced further by the very recent attacks on NDTV- India’s oldest news channel by the Central Bureau of Investigation. In another instance, Umar Khalid, a left-wing student leader, and the Ph.D. candidate had been stigmatized as “anti-national” by his opponents and eminent right-wing personalities for lionizing the execution of Kashmiri separatist Afzal Guru in 2013.

throttling free speech

Under the Modi government, new-fangled modes and mediums of censorship are arising. As such, India has sunk to the 136th position as the “least free country” in the world. A recent report claims, between January 2016 and April 2017, there were as many as 54 attacks on journalists, 3 cases of banning of television news channels, 45 cases of internet shutdown and 45 cases of sedition against individuals. Chhattisgarh is doomed to more regression than any other fellow states. As a result of a decade of Naxalite-Maoist insurrection, the country suffers stricter censorship than the rest. Amnesty International, in a report published in 2016 recorded that a “near-total information blackout” has been created by the incessant laceration of journalists, activists of human rights, and lawyers in the hand of central government officials.

Two wrongs don’t make a right

Post persecution of Burhan Wani, the young commander of Hizbul Mujahideen – a group of Kashmiri separatists by Indian security forces, situations have turned for the worse. 2016 saw an ascendance of internet shutdowns from 15 during 2015 to 45. It is obvious that pioneers, visionaries, and activists nationwide have been haunted by the ramifications of free expression of their potential. Free speech and expression of thoughts and opinions still threaten the government and to some extent, a section of the society.

A lucid exemplification of this would be M.F Husain and his self-imposed exile. Husain’s depiction of Hindu goddesses was seen to be starkly obscene and was ruled so by the Supreme court in Delhi. Since then, Husain’s existence was one through turmoil and constant fear of conviction. He was ostracized by the society which did not leave any stones unturned to make him feel like he was on thin ice.

free speech irony

Conclusion

Constant taxation by the politicians in power, the government and the affected citizens at large have given rise to a form of self-censorship which has afflicted the press and media already. A climate of fear induced by violence meted out to these groups have resulted in the poorly drafted news, prejudiced pieces of information and bigoted opinions. The World Press Freedom Index marks the poor state of mainstream Indian media. Rajasthan’s Home Minister Gulab Chand Kataria sparked off massive unrest in the country when the entire nation protested with #NotInMyName after a Muslim man was murdered for alleged smuggling of cows. An entire nation came forward to fulminate against the possible normalization of criminal activities throughout. Our country definitely needs to go a long way before free speech is finally recognised.

Censorship of the media is an ongoing historical battle between the rulers and the ruled since time immemorial. Do you think that Hindi is, or should be India’s national language? You might be surprised by our take on the issue. Click here to read further and find out!

Criminal Elements in our Assemblies – What you need to know?

social satire

The 2014 general elections saw a mammoth 8250 candidates representing 464 parties contesting in the polls across the country. Interestingly, 34% of those candidates had some criminal charges placed against them. According to the Association For Democratic Reforms, nearly one-third of the current parliament consists of convicts of some form or the other, with a large chunk facing serious allegations against them.

Picture of corrupt politicians

For the world’s largest democracy, this is a very scary predicament. Granting governmental legitimacy to the ones who pay no heed to the law, and have heinous criminal records, such as sexual assaults or murders spells doom for the nation. Dr.Milan Vaishnav has spent a lot of years researching on this unnerving debacle in India – the equation between crime and politics. His book, ‘When Crime Pays: Money and Muscle in Indian Politics’, explores the question of the influence of criminal backgrounds in the favourability of the candidate. In his extensive research, he has found out that in an electoral campaign, crooked politicians with criminal records have the upper hand when contested against a ‘clean’ candidate.

cartoon criminal personalities

Root Cause

This disturbing trend owes its background to several reasons. A glamorous leader appeals to the average Indian electorate. Politicians with criminal backgrounds represent a “no-nonsense” attitude, which paves their way to the hearts of the voters. Contesting elections are a lengthy and expensive process. A political party tolerates a candidate with a criminal background because he/she brings a lot of cash to their treasury. An opaque financial system in the country literally allows the coffers of political parties to never run dry of black money, and financial hoarding is just one of the many special advantages of having a crooked politician in the party ranks. Muscle power adds to the campaign, as fear and intimidation are common tools used by the candidates to make their way up to the most powerful offices in the country. These crooked politicians come in with a lot of expendable man-power up their sleeve.

Blatant defiance of the law

One might presume that having publicized criminal records might amount to automatic disqualification from both the political parties and public offices. But that’s rarely the case. Take, for example, the position of BJP’s newly fielded candidate from Bengal, Mukul Roy, whose involvement in the notorious money-laundering scheme ‘Sarada-Kando’ was pretty much an open secret. He held his ground despite widespread criticism and recently left Trinamool Congress for BJP, which again, has its own grave implications. Indians saw the Bharata Janta Party repeatedly using the rhetoric of corruption charges against the-then ruling Congress, as they promised to be absolutely intolerant towards corruption in the Indian economy. Them, taking in a man who has been instrumental in laundering thousands of crores of rupees, indicated once again that criminal records played little importance in Indian politics.

Criminal Conclusion

The perils of this tolerance towards corruption are multifarious. It drains millions of dollars from the economy and places us in an embarrassing position worldwide. Crooked politicians have repeatedly polarized our societies, and induced lawlessness in a thriving democracy. Isn’t it time we stand up to these demagogues and criminals and put them in their natural habitat?

Whether our political assemblies are home to criminal politicians is, at best, debatable, but the absolute certainty of the criminality of the Indian Emergency cannot be denied. Read on find out how the emergency imposed by Indira Gandhi was the darkest period of Indian history.

How the Emergency changed Indian History forever?

newspaper clip declaring emergency

“The Emergency” refers to a 21 month period from June 1975 until March 1977. Though officially issued by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, the State of Emergency was declared by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi due to “internal disturbances”. It was called off in 1977 when Indira Gandhi called for fresh elections for March. During a state of Emergency, the citizens Fundamental Rights are taken away, they are forced to comply with the orders of the government. All media outlets are censored ruthlessly, taking away the citizen’s source of information about the state of the country. The Emergency of 1975 was the third state of emergency that had been declared in India, it was preceded by one declared in 1962 during the Indo-China War and another in 1971 during the Indo-Pak war. Both were declared on account of “external aggression”.

The Horrors of Emergency

The Emergency period saw the Indian democracy almost turn into a dictatorship and is often referred to as the “darkest phase of independent India”. Many political leaders of the opposing party were arrested, along with anyone who dared to oppose the government, without any trial. The media was heavily censored; anything and everything that was published had to be approved first by the government. This directly attacked the people’s freedom of speech.

Apart from a few, no other newspaper had the courage to defy this censorship. The Indian Express published a blank first editorial page and the Financial Express published Tagore’s poem “Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high”, in large print. The Emergency was a wake-up call for the press, and they realised how easily their freedom could be taken away. Hence, immediately after the withdrawal of the emergency, the Press Council of India was formed whose main aim was to safeguard the freedom of the press and to maintain and improve journalistic standards.

Cruelty of Mass Sterilization

During this period, Sanjay Gandhi organised a compulsory mass sterilization. If the people refused to obey, they would have to surrender their right to free medical treatments in government hospitals. Slums and low-income housing near the Turkman Gate and Jama Masjid were destroyed, and anyone protesting the demolition of their home was shot by the police or brutally assaulted. Indira Gandhi abused Article #56, and the Constitution was undermined blatantly. The 24th Amendment and the 26th Amendment were passed during this time which allowed the Parliament to dilute the people’s Fundamental Rights and abolished Privy Purse. Along with this, Indira Gandhi amended the Representation of People Act and ensured that the Supreme Court had no other option but to overturn the Allahabad High Court ruling, which upheld that the Parliament had no power to curtail Fundamental Rights.

It is evident that the Emergency of 1971 impacted the Indian society in more ways than one. The Central government abused its power so ruthlessly that even the sacred Constitution and the Supreme Court failed to protect its citizens. It was a reminder as to how effectively and swiftly the freedom of the citizens can be taken away from them.

Indira Gandhi is famously known to say that her father was a statesman, and she is not her father. Find out things about Jawaharlal Nehru which you might not have known before.

Hindi is our National Language?

The misconception over a possible national language of India as considered by many deluded Indians was entrenched further when the Union Minister, M Venkaiah Naidu falsely remarked that the shift to English from our “National Language”- Hindi is bringing about undesired changes in the mind-sets of the Indians. Naidu opines that the nation can only progress when Hindi is endorsed throughout the country and every state mandates learning this language. The statement sparked off major unrest in many parts of South India and Bengaluru where people protested against its imposition.

Map depicting major languages spoken

What does the Law Really Say?

Where Naidu and thousands of other citizens go wrong is clearly elucidated in Clause 1 Article 343 of the Constitution, which very lucidly states that Hindi is one of the official languages along with English. The Constitution also makes provisions for the operation of other languages than Hindi. Article 345 of the Constitution gives authorization for official languages that could be in regulation as per state laws.

The Article decrees – “The Legislature of a State may by law adopt any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as the language or languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes of that State: Provided that, until the Legislature of the State otherwise provides by law, the English language shall continue to be used for those official purposes within the State for which it was being used immediately before the commencement of this Constitution”.

Fallacious Arguments For Hindi

Another fallacious argument put up by people is based on the poorly drawn fact that most Indians are conversant in Hindi. A census formulated in 2001 reported that only 45% of Indian citizens can comprehend and speak the language while only 25% have it as their mother language. An amendment to the Constitution included the Eighth Schedule, which incorporates as many as 22 official languages in India encompassing – Bengali, Malayalam, Telugu, Kannada, Sindhi, and the like. The BJP added fuel to the fire when it requisitioned Hindi learning in CBSE curriculum throughout the country. What incenses most non-Hindi speakers is the hypocrisy of Indian diversity. Our nation vaunts as being a secular and multidimensional country with varied ethnicity quartering myriad cultures. Being a part of a society as such goes in direct opposition to how the apparent minorities and their interests are treated against a favored majority.

Hindi is not the national language of India, it's the official language

The Central government seems to be a rather faithful compatriot when it comes to suppressing cultural ethnicity thus paving the way for a monochromatic hegemonic nation. A specific language should in no situation be shoved down people’s throats. The government under Modi, however, seems to be blindly indulging in the eventual suppression of regional languages in India. The dominance of Hindi in all spheres seems not only a ludicrous step keeping in mind India’s existential principle of being a conglomeration of separate identities unified despite cultural differences. We can only hope that the current situation does not result in a similar bifurcation that Pakistan suffered during the imposition of Urdu over its citizens.

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The China Delusion – A Comparison of Facts

China and india

While Pakistan continues to dominate international political discourse in India, it is majorly looked at as a perpetual irritant with a much smaller economy, and an ever-lasting existential crisis due to the presence of its richer, larger and much powerful neighbor. For most politically aware citizens and analysts in the country, the bigger foe remains the Dragon to the East – the sole frosty competitor to India’s rise in Asia. India has a long-standing unresolved territorial dispute with China, much like Pakistan, but in this case, it is competing with a country five times as economically powerful and tipped to be the next superpower in the world.

Indians look at China with a competitive eye, which is mostly overlooked by their neighbours, who instead focus their attention on the Americans. Indian nationalists have time and again staged public protests against China, and asked for a ban on Chinese products whenever a Chinese decision went against India. Some went on to the extent of burning Chinese products and effigies of their President, Xi Jinping, when China blocked India’s entry into the NSG. This, however, remains a banal display of hollow patriotism and national pride, which grossly overestimates the country’s economic and military position. Ground facts are quite different, as China remains the largest trading partner of India, boasting a 51 billion dollar trade deficit in its favor, which has been steadily rising since 2007-08.

India V China – A Numeric Comparision

China’s economy stands at a towering 11.22 trillion USD over India’s 2.45 trillion USD, and since the first quarter of 2017, has been growing at a rate faster than that of India’s. India held the status of the ‘fastest growing economy’ for some time until it was falling down to 5.7% following demonetization. China has maintained a steady growth of 6.9% in the June-quarter of 2017. India’s industrial exports to China has seen a stunted growth over the years due to the latter’s protectionist policies, while the latter has steadily made inroads in the country’s industrial sector. From mobile phones to plastic toys, the Indian market has made itself completely accessible to Chinese products. During the Doklam stand-off, the GOI had hinted at carrying out a trade war with China; a threat unwarranted and hollow to even Indian policymakers.

Subjective comparison of force

India’s military, even though, one of the most skillful and powerful in the world falls short in comparison to its Chinese counterparts. China, not only has more manpower (the largest in the world) but possesses far more sophisticated weapons and weapons of mass destruction. India has sought to up the ante by introducing the French-made Rafale fighter jets in its air force. Chinese sophistication has made its border areas with India far more war oriented in the event of a conflict, while India’s lackadaisical cabinet has failed to meet its own deadlines for years. Work on roads capable enough to sustain military gear near Ladakh, and Arunachal Pradesh, two of the most hotly contested territorial areas of India are still nowhere near completion, while the Chinese have practically made it impossible for the Indian army to breathe peacefully near those lands.

Conclusion

In this current scenario, the only plausible means for competition with China is to pursue friendly terms with the dragon to ensure sustainability and cooperative growth. Indian policymakers must pro-actively work to narrow down the trade deficit we have with our neighbors. China is investing heavily in Northern Pakistan as it attempts to gain uncontested supremacy in Asia through its One Belt-One Road scheme. In such a hostile atmosphere, mutual growth and peaceful ties should be the prime target.

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